Future of Jobs – Tech on the rise

Über eine gute Dekade hin bis 2035 meine offizielle Rentenzeit beginnt – eine gefühlte Ewigkeit. Eine Zeit in der wir weiter deutliche Veränderungen im Arbeitsleben erleben werden, nicht zuletzt und vor allem technologie-bedingt.

Bereits mit einem kurzfristigeren Blick von 5 Jahren erscheint uns die Zukunft nicht mehr ganz so fern und unvorstellbar, wie ich im Beitrag Future of talent – Become our own talent broker schrieb.

Hier stelle ich Eingangs die Frage: How will the world look like in 2030 – or beyond? Image a world where:

  • you see self driving cars
  • vehicles reach zero CO2 emissions
  • power supply comes from renewable sources
  • a new generation of workers are freelancers
  • robots are your colleagues or take on your work
  • smart devices & virtual reality are daily companions
  • algorithms & artificial intelligence are not from “outer space” but a lived reality

Allein in den nächsten 5 Jahren, so die aktuelle Studie des World Economic Forums, wird der Einfluss technologischer Veränderungen steigen.

Technology adoption will remain a key driver of business transformation.

The largest job creation and destruction effects come from environmental, technology and economic trends.

(Seite 5, Future of Jobs Report 2023, WEF) …

In eben jener Studie Future of Jobs Report 2023 des World Economic Forums gibt es interessante Einblicke in das Thema Technologie und deren Auswirkungen auf Jobs und Skills. Hier einige, ausgewählte Auszüge:

The Fourth Industrial Revolution has accelerated the pace of adoption of technologies and shifted the frontier between humans and machines across sectors and geographies. Technology is altering the way we work, but also changing job content, skills in need, and which jobs are being displaced. …

Technological advancement through increased adoption of new and frontier technologies and increased digital access are expected to drive job growth in more than half of surveyed companies, offset by expected job displacement in one-fifth of companies. …

Within technology adoption, big data, cloud computing and AI feature highly on likelihood of adoption. More than 75% of companies are looking to adopt these technologies in the next five years. …

(Seite 24)

Wo lässt das unsere Jobs, was kommt, was geht:

The impact of most technologies on jobs is expected to be a net positive over the next five years.

Big data analytics, climate change and environmental management technologies, and encryption and cybersecurity are expected to be the biggest drivers of job growth.

Agriculture technologies, digital platforms and apps, e-commerce and digital trade, and AI are all expected to result in significant labour- market disruption, with substantial proportions of companies forecasting job displacement in their organizations, offset by job growth elsewhere to result in a net positive.

All but two technologies are expected to be net job creators in the next five years: humanoid robots and non-humanoid robots. …

Und, mit Blick auf einzelne Rollen:

These emerging roles that have been highlighted in all four reports include Data Analysts/ Scientists, AI and Machine Learning Specialists, and Digital Transformation Specialists, …

..while declining roles include Data Entry Clerks; Executive and Administrative Secretaries; and Accounting, Bookkeeping, and Payroll Clerks. (Seite 29)

Entsprechend eine Auswahl der Top Jobs die in den nächsten 5 Jahren entstehen werden (Seite 30):

  • AI and Machine Learning Specialists
  • Sustainability Specialists
  • Business Intelligence Analysts
  • Information Security Analysts
  • FinTech Engineers Data Analysts and
  • Scientists Robotics Engineers
  • Big Data Specialists

Die Liste der Top 10 Skills für 2023 wird angeführt durch kognitive und persönliche Skills, 2 auf der Liste beziehen sich auf die sog. soft skills des Miteinanders:

  • Analytical thinking
  • Creative thinking
  • Resilience, flexibility and agility
  • Motivation and self-awareness
  • Curiosity and lifelong learning
  • Technological literacy
  • Dependability and attention to detail
  • Empathy and active listening
  • Leadership and social influence

Overall, our analysis suggests that 69 million jobs will be created and 83 million jobs destroyed, leading to a contraction of global labour markets of 14 million jobs in the next five years at the present rate of change, though this figure is subject to a high degree of uncertainty as it is not holistic.

(Seite 32)

Employers estimate that 44% of workers’ skills will be disrupted in the next five years:

  • Cognitive skills are reported to be growing in importance most quickly, reflecting the increasing importance of complex problem-solving in the workplace.
  • Surveyed businesses report creative thinking to be growing in importance slightly more rapidly than analytical thinking.
  • Technology literacy is the third-fastest growing core skill.
  • Self-efficacy skills rank above working with others, in the rate of increase in importance of skills reported by businesses.
  • The socio-emotional attitudes which businesses consider to be growing in importance most quickly are curiosity and lifelong learning; resilience, flexibility and agility; and motivation and self-awareness.
  • Systems thinking, AI and big data, talent management, and service orientation and customer service complete the top 10 growing skills.

Die Studie zeigt folgende zu erwartende Trainingsschwerpunkte in den nächsten Jahren:

The highest priority for skills training from 2023-2027 is analytical thinking, which is set to account for 10% of training initiatives, on average.

The second priority for workforce development is to promote creative thinking, which will be the subject of 8% of upskilling initiatives.

Training workers to utilize AI and big data ranks third among company skills-training priorities in the next five years and
will be prioritized by 42% of surveyed companies. …

While AI and big data ranks only 15th as a core skill for mass employment today, it is the number three priority in company training strategies from now until 2027, and number one priority for companies with more than 50,000 employees. … Among technology skills, the ability to efficiently use AI tools now exceeds computer programming by humans, networks and cybersecurity skills, general technological literacy skills, and design and user experience by some margin. In the next five years, AI and big data will comprise more than 40% of the technology training programmes…Though generative AI has the potential to displace jobs, the focus placed on training workforces to exploit AI and big data indicates the opportunities for new roles which harness its potential to help achieve business goals. … (Seite 46)….

(Seite 46)

#Change #able4change #Changeability #MakingChangeWork #ShapingNewHorizons #ChangeManagement #ChangeCoaching #FutureOfWork #HR

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